The term putty is very common when it comes to home painting. Wall putty is a white powdered material which is used to give smooth base to walls. It is mainly used for filling cracks and levelling surface and offers smooth finish on the walls. Putty is applied on walls and ceiling before applying primer and paint.
Primer is a layer of coating that is applied to materials that has to be painted. The essential reason to apply primer to walls is to add years to its quality.
Primers are used for the following purpose:
- Proper adhesion of paint to the painted surface.
- When primers are applied pre painting, it keeps the wall surface long lasting.
- It seals pores or small openings and gives a shiny touch.
- It can, to some extent, can reduce the peeling and cracking of paint.
Emulsion and distemper
This is the most economical type of paint available in markets. In common terms it’s called as the “whitewash paint”. People can be more related to this term as we use it in our dictionary of paining. The basic constituent of distemper is chalk, lime and water. The advantage of this paint is that they can be used directly on walls and need no surface preparation. They can be retained till five to six years and can be applied inside and outside the walls.
Emulsion paint is water based and gives matte finish to the walls. Emulsion paints are washable and the stains on them can be washed with wipes dipped in solutions. It gives a shiny look to the walls and are costlier than distemper.
Bleeding is the staining or seeping through of a soluble dye from the substrate through the top coat color. To avoid bleeding of paints, before painting ensure all contamination, especially bitumen and tar deposits are thoroughly removed. You can carry out a solvent test to check if a soluble dye exists.
Chalking is the powdering of the surface paint due to external exposure and lack of paint binder. It is caused by choice of the wrong hardener, poor aftercare of paint work, and colour coats when applied too thick. To avoid chalking of paints, always use recommended hardener and mixing ratio. It is advised to do regular paintwork maintenance.
Paint flaking happens when the paint has inadequate adhesion and flexibility. Cracking and flaking can also result when paint is applied too thinly. Inadequate surface preparation can also cause these failures. Proper ventilation can fix most interior moisture problems. High-moisture areas such as bathrooms with showers should have exhaust fans installed. Scrape sand or scrub with a wire brush to remove all loose and peeling paint.
A color wheel is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle, which shows the relationship between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors or in other words-a colour wheel (also referred to as a color circle). It is a visual representation of colours arranged according to their chromatic relationship.
Colours that are opposite to each other on the color wheel are considered to be complementary colors, example red and green. The base color is main and dominant, while the complementary colour is used only as an accent.
Eggshell finishes are preferred choice for rooms that receive a moderate amount of traffic. Any patches or stain on the wall can be washed with a cloth. This finish is often used in baths, children’s bedrooms, living areas. Eggshell finishes are low-gloss but more reflective than flat sheens.
Matte finish provides smooth and clear look. It’s perfect for your living and drawing room. This finish does not have a reflective property and it hides all imperfections like patches or holes inside the surface. Matte finish paint should never be used on walls that need to be washed frequently. It can be applied to walls along stairways, in dining rooms, family and living rooms and master bedroom areas.
Satin finish paints are probably the most commonly used finish, on both interior and exterior surfaces. They are the slightly shinier counterparts of eggshell finished paints. This easy-cleanup finish is used in family and living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms, playrooms, along stairways, in the kitchen and the bath.
Semi-gloss paint finishes are known for both their durability and washability. This finish is more reflective than satin but is not as shiny as gloss. They are ideal for use in areas with high humidity such as bathrooms and kitchens. Its reflective property is sleek and radiant.
Enamel paints are oil based paints used to paint the door and railings. There are two types of enamel i.e, satin and gloss.